Biometrics Policy on Plagiarism and Scientific Misconduct

When an author submits a paper to Biometrics, it is understood that s/he warrants that the submitted manuscript is not identical or similar in substantial part to a paper that has appeared in or has been submitted to another journal and does not contain unacknowledged overlap with such a paper. S/he also warrants that the submitted manuscript constitutes an original work and does not violate or infringe upon the copyright(s) of any other author and that it contains no passage of text or other material that is virtually identical to that in a publicly-available or published work by another author(s) in print or electronic form unless proper citation to the source is made. Examples of publicly-available or published works include unpublished working papers or technical reports posted on a web site, papers that are published or in press at Biometrics or another journal, books, and research grant applications; this is not an exhaustive list.

Biometrics Editors view the submission of manuscripts that do not meet these criteria as plagiarism and, accordingly, as serious professional misconduct. A submitted manuscript will be rejected by Biometrics if it is determined during the review process that any of these requirements are violated. Authors of the manuscript may in addition be subject to sanctions imposed at the discretion of the Biometrics Editors. Examples of such sanctions include, but are not limited to, careful scrutiny of all future submissions by the authors to Biometrics, refusal of Biometrics to accept submissions from the authors for a stated time period; and/or notification of the authors' institutions. When misconduct is determined after acceptance, but before publication, the previous acceptance of the paper will be retracted, the paper will be removed from the publication queue, and sanctions may be imposed on the authors as above. In cases where misconduct is revealed after a paper is published, at their discretion the Editors may publish in the journal a statement highlighting the misconduct or a formal retraction of the article, which will be linked to the article.

As per the copyright agreement signed by Biometrics authors, if the International Biometric Society (IBS) is subject to a third party claim of copyright infringement and such claim arises out of IBS's unintentional/unknowing publication of a manuscript that is later determined to include materials copyrighted to a third party that were improperly incorporated in the submitted manuscript, the author warrants that he or she shall indemnify and hold IBS harmless from any such infringement claim.

Biometrics is committed to upholding the highest ethical standards in regard to peer review. Reviewers and editors prepare their reports with the expectation that they will be used confidentially by authors and colleagues to revise and improve their work. Public dissemination of the contents of referee reports and editorial correspondence is a breach of this expectation of confidentiality and of accepted publishing ethics and hence is inappropriate. A set of Publishing Ethics guidelines prepared by our publisher is available at