Directions for Authors

Please note that the Co-Editors and Executive Editor of Biometrics do not pre-screen papers for their appropriateness for the journal. If you are unsure whether or not your paper is suitable, we ask that you submit it for possible publication. It will be reviewed by the Co-Editor to whom it is assigned, who will make this determination quickly. If the paper is deemed to be inappropriate, you will receive a swift response from the Co-Editor.

If you are unsure whether or not your paper is suitable, you may wish to consider carefully the descriptions of the Sections of Biometrics given below.


A current issue may be used as a general guide to style. The following notes summarize some of the principal points.


A summary, one paragraph long, should be included completely summarizing the paper without repeating, verbatim, sentences from the paper. The summary should not exceed 225 words. Mathematical symbols should be avoided and any references to previous work should be given in full.

A list of up to six key words should follow the summary, typed in alphabetical order using exactly the style and punctuation in a recent issue. The main purpose of key words is to ensure a paper is identified by search engines, so please choose key words that are descriptive of and specific to the content rather than generic (e.g., "model," "inference"). Words/phrases from the title may be used as long as they are descriptive. Include one key word that is a high-level descriptor of the broad area in which the work falls, e.g., "longitudinal data analysis."


Acknowledgements should be placed at the end of the text before the references.


Citations to references in journals, books, and other traditionally published materials: Citations to references in the text should be ordered by author's surname and publication date. For publications by three authors, all are listed the first time the reference is cited, and et al. used subsequently. For four or more authors, et al. is used throughout. In the list of references at the end of the paper, authors should be listed alphabetically by last name. For references with more than six (6) authors, only the first six (6) authors should be listed, followed by "et al." Journal titles should be complete and not abbreviated. A recent issue should be consulted for the format used for the reference list.

Citations to URLs: Citations to material available on the internet, such as software packages, databases, technical reports, and articles in online journals where citation is by URL or digital object identifier (DOI) are increasingly common. Ordinarily, such references should be included in the list of references and cited in the text. As much information as possible should be given. For software, list the name of the package, the date of the version used if available, the URL, and the date last accessed by the authors; for example

The survival package (2017). The Comprehensive R Archive Network, (accessed May 31, 2017).

and cite in the text as "we used the survival package (2017) in R..."

SAMON. R software for global sensitivity analysis, version 4.0, MissingDataMatters, (accessed May 31, 2017).

"we used the SAMON software for global sensitivity analysis..."

For reports, list the author(s), year, title, and URL; for example,

Scharf, H. R., Hooten, M. B., and Johnson, D. S. (2017). Imputation approaches for animal movement modeling.

For databases, list the name of the database, the URL, a descriptive phrase or record locator (such as a data marker or accession number if available), indicating the part of the database being cited or explaining the nature of the reference, and an access date; for example

GenBank. (for RP11-322N14 BAC [accession number AC017046]; accessed August 6, 2016).

and cite in the text as "we used the XXX data from the Genbank database."

Note that some databases instruct authors to acknowledge the entity maintaining the database; in Biometrics, this is done in the Acknowledgements section.

In general, authors should include as much information as possible in citing a URL and should strive to cite only online materials that are likely to be available over the long term. Please note that Biometrics and the publisher are not responsible for outdated URLs. Readers will be directed to follow up with an article's corresponding author for assistance.

Citations to traditional references in journals, books, and other publications that are also available online should be cited as noted above and not by URL or DOI.


Appendices should be placed after references.


Tables and figures should represent only essential material. They should be placed on separate sheets at the end of the paper after appendices and identified by Arabic numerals and a short descriptive title. Figure resolution must be a minimum of 300 dpi. Diagrams or graphs created by common computer software packages such as SAS, Splus, R,MATLAB,GAUSS, etc. are usually acceptable, and should be in black on white. The only lines appearing on a table should be horizontal. No vertical lines are allowed. All decimals and numbers should be aligned in columns. For printing, illustrations may be reduced to 1/2 or 1/3 their original dimensions; therefore, for all types of illustrations, lines should be of sufficient thickness, and lettering, numbering, decimal points, periods, dots, and plotting symbols should be large enough to reproduce well and be legible when reduced in size.

Ordinarily, the journal does not print in color. However, color figures may be submitted and will appear in color in the electronic version of the journal. Such color figures must conform to the following guidelines:

If you opt to use color figures in the print version of the journal you must pay a charge of $350 per page to cover the additional cost of color printing, higher quality paper, and binding associated with including color figures.

If you do not opt to pay for color figures, the figures will appear in black and white in the printed version, and, to the maximal extent possible, the figures should be designed so that they are interpretable in a black and white presentation. The figures will appear in color online, and so as to alert the reader that the description of color refers to the online version rather than the print version, a statement to the effect of: 'This figure appears in color in the electronic version of this article, and color refers to that version.' should be included both in the text at the first mention of color and at the end of each color figure caption. If color is used but not specifically mentioned in the text or the figure captions, please add to the end of each color figure caption, 'This figure appears in color in the electronic version of this article.'

The publisher will accept only one version of each figure (color or black and white). If a figure is to appear in color in the online version of the journal, please submit a color figure only. Otherwise, please submit a black and white figure only.

Return to top


Author alterations on proofs may be charged to the author. To minimize these, please check your manuscript thoroughly.

Return to top


'Accepted Articles' have been accepted for publication and undergone full peer review but have not been through the copyediting, typesetting, pagination and proofreading process. Accepted Articles are published online a few days after final acceptance, appear in PDF format only (without the accompanying full-text HTML) and are given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows them to be cited and tracked. The DOI remains unique to a given article in perpetuity. More information about DOIs can be found online at Given that Accepted Articles are not considered to be final, please note that changes will be made to an article after Accepted Article online publication, which may lead to differences between this version and the Version of Record.

The Accepted Articles service has been designed to ensure the earliest possible circulation of research papers after acceptance.

Accepted articles will be indexed by PubMed; Therefore the submitting author must carefully check the names and affiliations of all authors provided in the cover page of the manuscript, as it will not be possible to alter these once a paper is made available online in Accepted Article format. Subsequently the final copyedited and proofed articles will appear either as Early View articles in a matter of weeks or in an issue on Wiley Online Library [the link to the article in PubMed will automatically be updated].


Papers accepted by Biometrics are published electronically shortly after their acceptance at the Early View section of the Biometrics website of Wiley-Blackwell ( much earlier than the following printed version in the Journal. Authors are required to return proofs to Wiley-Blackwell within 48 hours after receiving them. For detailed information on how to cite Early View publication, please visit the Biometrics website

Return to top


Books for review should be sent to:

Brisa Sanchez
University of Michigan
School of Public Health
M4164 SPH II
1415 Washington Heights
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2029

Return to top


News and announcements should be sent to:

Dimitris Karlis
Department of Statistics
Athens University of Economics
76 Patision Str, 10434, Greece
Tel: +30 210 8203920
Fax: +30 210 8203692

Return to top